Dandruff is a common chronic scalp condition marked by flaking of the skin on your scalp, Although dandruff isn’t contagious and is rarely serious, it can be embarrassing and sometimes difficult to treat, The good news is that dandruff usually can be controlled. Mild cases of dandruff may need nothing more than daily shampooing with a gentle cleanser. More stubborn cases of dandruff often respond to medicated shampoos, In most of the cases dandruff is harmless and can be treated by following a simple medication and routine, The usual skin renewal cycle with dandruff is increased leading to more flaky patches, Increased shedding and renewal of skin is a sign of the dandruff condition, Severe dandruff cases resulting from conditions such as Seborrhoeic dermatitis, Psoriasis, Eczema and fungal infections may be critical and need specialized treatments, Dandruff cannot be considered as a sign of dirt or grease but under-washing or over-washing of hair may trigger it, Increased shedding and renewal of skin is a sign of the dandruff condition.
By Zak Skin Hair Laser Clinic
For most teens and adults, dandruff symptoms are easy to spot: white, oily looking flakes of dead skin that dot your hair and shoulders, and a possibly itchy, scaly scalp. The condition may worsen during the fall and winter, when indoor heating can contribute to dry skin, and improve during the summer.
A type of dandruff called cradle cap can affect babies. This disorder, which causes a scaly, crusty scalp, is most common in newborns, but it can occur anytime during infancy. Although it can be alarming for parents, cradle cap isn’t dangerous and usually clears up on its own by the time a baby is 3 years old.
When to see a doctor
Most cases of dandruff don’t require a doctor’s care. But if you’re still scratching your head after several weeks of experimenting with over-the-counter (OTC) dandruff shampoos, or if your scalp becomes red or swollen, see your doctor or dermatologist. You may have seborrheic dermatitis or another condition that resembles dandruff, Often your doctor can diagnose the problem simply by looking at your hair and scalp.
By Zak Skin Hair Laser Clinic
Dandruff can have several causes, including:
Dry skin. Simple dry skin is the most common cause of dandruff. Flakes from dry skin are generally smaller and less oily than those from other causes of dandruff, and you’ll likely have symptoms and signs of dry skin on other parts of the body, such as your legs and arms. Irritated, oily skin (seborrheic dermatitis). This condition, one of the most frequent causes of dandruff, is marked by red, greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales. Seborrheic dermatitis may affect your scalp and other areas rich in oil glands, such as your eyebrows, the sides of your nose and the backs of your ears, your breastbone, your groin area, and sometimes your armpits. Not shampooing often enough. If you don’t regularly wash your hair, oils and skin cells from your scalp can build up, causing dandruff.
Other skin conditions. People with skin conditions such as eczema — a chronic, inflammatory skin condition — or psoriasis — a skin condition marked by a rapid buildup of rough, dry, dead skin cells that form thick scales — may appear to have dandruff, A yeast-like fungus (malassezia).
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